Category Archives: Journal of Arts on Space-Time Composition and Enterprise_feature

水環境データ解析に基づくCOVID 19パンデミックの収束評価 I

Submitted 1 Aug 2020, Revised 21 Sep 2020

水環境データ分析に基づくCOVID 19 ならびにそれに後続すると思われる 2020 年代の グローバル・パンデミックの収束や地域安全性の評価を判定するシステムを提案する。 機械学習等を用いた下水管ネットワークの動態分析と 最適取水条件での 汚水 PCR検査、 GIS を活用した統合解析 から、地域住民の感染度合を疫学評価することが 出来る 。 安全性の確認されたエリアに 対しては「収束宣言」「安全宣言」など、 社会に安心情報が 発信 でき 、 根拠に基づいて 経済活動継続の判断を下すこと も 可能となる。

パンデミックから懸念される教育停滞と経済損失

Submitted 02 May 2020

COVID-19 の世界的蔓延のため各地で都市封鎖や学校の閉鎖が進み、教育の遅滞が中⾧期的に
経済損失に結びつくことが懸念されている。この問題に対して、従来は貧困に結び付けて予測が
議論されてきた。本論考ではOECD の学習到達度調査PISA の成績分布をもとに、学力低下と
経済損失を相関させるモデルを構築、検討することで、履修の時間や形態に制約が掛かるパンデ
ミック期間中や克服の直後に、どのような科目に注力して教育の実施あるいは再建を検討すべ
きか、国ごと、あるいは社会ごとの実態に即して検討する最初のフレームワークを素描する。

Public Principal towards Global Industry-Academia Coalition against COVID”

Ken ITO and Kan Hiroshi SUZUKI
The University of Tokyo

To begin with, for the global leading universities’ alliance against COVID, we would like to quote a “warning” by an English Pubic / Welfare Economist, Anthony Bernes “Tony” Atkinson[1].

Especially after the shocking “Google Cat“ [2], the rapid development of AI, and the wide spread of machine learning, are apparently towed by GLOBAL GIANT COMPANIES, not by us, leading universities.

Private companies are destined to maximize their shareholders return. Atkinson had clearly pointed out INEVITABLE TENDENCY of COMPANY-BASED INNOVATION for the PROFIT of INVESTORS. He called this bias “SHAREHOLDER CAPITALISM”

Japanese mathematical economist Hirohumi UZAWA(1928-2014) [3] and Katz IWAI(1948-)[4]  have also pointed out strong influence on IT / AI INNOVATION, in general, by GIANTS COMPANIES, such as “GAFA”.

Counter measures against COVID-19, and the AI application upon them, are the most typical examples which should NEVER be BIASED by PRIVATE INTEREST.

In deed we the Japanese academic sectors had experienced such “PUBLIC” requirement in the year 2011, at “THE FUKUSHIMA NUCLEAR DISASTER.

We had invited Dr. Prof. Amartya SEN to Tokyo and discussed the IMPORTANCE of THROUGHOUT “PUBLIC” — not “private”, “profit-motivated” — POLICY MAKING against the RADIOACTIVE CONTAMINATION.

With regard to COVID, from the view point of leading university, we should ALSO keep THROUGHOUT “PUBLIC” POLICY MAKING against the plague.

Quite unfortunately, this PANDEMIC can also cause serious “CORONA DEPRESSION”. Now we should remember the original idea of J. M. Keynes’[5]  during THE GREAT DEPRESSION “PUBLIC INVESTMENT” — governmental investment without any profit motivation — : we shall apply this PUBLIC idea to the ACADEMIC / INDUSTRY-ACADEMIA ALLIANCE and COUNTER MEASURES against COVID.

ALLIANCE with GIANT AI COMPANIES —GAFA and more — IS, OF COURSE, VERY IMPORTANT in the whole INDUSTRY-ACADEMIA COALITION against COVID.

However, THE MOST IMPORTANT is to keep the “PUBLIC” STANDARDS, and WE the LEADING UNIVERSITIES should keep GLOBAL PUBLIC ETHICAL PRINCIPLES in the collaboration with COMPANIES.

UNIVERSITIES should be THE GUARANTOR for the PUBLIC WELFARE.

To keep the counter operation “PUBLIC” — with the meaning of J. M. Keynes — , we THE GLOBAL LEADING UNIVERSITIES should play proper role TO KEEP HIGHEST ETHICAL STANDARD for the COMMON FUTURE of the humankinds.

So we propose INDUSTRIE-ACADEMIA COALITION against COVID : leading universities should CREATE A TIGHT BOND, and COOPERATE WITH global leading GIGANTIC AI COMPANIES to get rid of this crisis at the HIGHEST STANDARDS of SCIENCES and ETHICS, for the TRUE REALIZATION of GLOBAL PUBLIC WELFARE of ALL HUMANKINDS BEYOND COVID.

Reference
[1] See Atkinson, A. B. and  Stiglitz, J. E. Lectures on public economics. London New York: McGraw-Hill Book Co (1980)
[2] Quoc V. Le et al. Building High-level Features Using Large Scale Insupervised Leaning,https://static.googleusercontent.com/media/research.google.com/ja//archive/unsupervised_icml2012.pdf
[3] Uzawa H. Economic Analysis of Social Common Capital, (Cambridge University Press, (2005).[4] In Japanese, Katsuhito Iwai et al  “Capitalism and Ethics” Toyo-Keizai (2019) ISBN-10: 4492961585
[5] Keynes, John Maynard The General Theory of Employment, Interest and Money, Harcourt, Brace & Company, New York (1936)